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Encyclopedia

Kathmandu Valley

The Kathmandu Valley is located in Nepal. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu and lies inside the Kathmandu Valley. The valley is made up of the Kathmandu District, Lalitpur District and Bhaktapur District covering an area of 220 square miles (570 km2). Kathmandu valley has at least 130 important monuments, including several pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists. There are seven World Heritage Sites within the valley.

The Kathmandu Valley is the most developed and populated place in Nepal. The majority of offices and headquarters are located in the valley, making it the economic hub of Nepal. It is popular with tourists for its unique architecture, and rich culture that includes the highest number of jatras (street festivals) in Nepal. The valley itself was referred to as "Nepal Proper" by British historians.

The Newars are the ethnic inhabitants and the creators of the historic civilization of the valley. They are understood to be the descendants of the various ethnic and racial groups that have inhabited and ruled the valley in the two-millennium history of the place.

In 2015, Kathmandu Valley was hit by the April 2015 Nepal earthquake. The earthquake caused thousands of deaths and destruction of many infrastructures. Many of the infrastructures, statues and sculptures are in the process of reconstruction.

 

The best sites to visits within the Kathmandu valley.

 

Pokhara Valley

Pokhara Valley is the second-largest valley of Nepal. It lies in the hilly region of Nepal. It is in the western part of Nepal. The main cities of Pokhara valley are Pokhara and Lekhnath. It lies on 203 km west of Kathmandu Valley.

The Seti Gandaki flowing through the city from north to south divides the city roughly in two halves with the business area of Chipledunga in the middle, the old town centre of Bagar in the north and the tourist district of Lakeside (Baidam) to the south all lying on the western side of the river. The gorge through which the river flows is crossed at five places. The floor of the valley is plain, resembles Terai due to its gravel-like surface, and has slanted orientation from northwest to southeast. The city is surrounded by the hills overlooking the entire valley.

Pokhara is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nepal. Many tourists visit Pokhara Valley to see the Himalayan range and lakes. The Mt. Machhapuchre is the major attraction in Pokhara. The mountain looks magnificent when the first ray of sun is reflected on the snow of the mountain. You can rarely take your eyes off from this mesmerizing view.

Pokhara is also famous for boating, hiking trekking, rafting and for other extreme sports like; bungee jumping, zip flyer, paragliding etc. According to the Nepal Tourism Board, the number of international tourists to Pokhara only in 2009 was 203,527 out of the 509,956 total international tourists who visited Nepal in that particular year and this number is increasing every year.

The various sites around the Pokhara city.

 

Some of the best destination to visit in Nepal:

Some of the Beautiful Lakes of Nepal:

Adventure sports in Nepal

Festivals in Nepal

Nepali Cuisines

The food eaten in Nepal is based on the ethnicity, soil and climate relating to Nepal’s cultural diversity and geography. The influences mostly from India and the Tibet determine the food culture in Nepal. In recent time, variety of cuisines are found in Nepal from all over the world.  Here we are discussing about the cuisines of Nepal.

Eight Thousanders of Nepal

Among the 14 eight thousanders, Nepal has 8 mountains with 8000m height. It is a matter of proud to Nepal and its people. Climbing to those 8000 m mountains is the ultimate dreams of most of the mountaineers. Conquering doesn’t come with the easy challenge but one has to be mentally and physically fit to take single steps ahead. The most terrifying thing is “Death” on single mistake. So, the eight thousanders are called the Death zone of the world.

The oxygen level above the 8000 m atmosphere is insufficient to sustain the human life, only 30% of the oxygen at the sea level is found here. This results the problem in respiration. On the way of climbing numerous mountaineers give up their dreams due to difficulty in breathing. Those who are gifted with extremely good health make it to their dreams.

Nepal, the land of Himalayas has numerous mountains that are above 7000 m which are yet to be counted and named.

The 8 thousanders of Nepal are:

  1. Mount Everest – 8848m
  2. Mount Kanchenjunga – 8586m
  3. Mount Lhotse – 8516m
  4. Mount Makalu – 8485m
  5. Mount Cho Oyu – 8201m
  6. Mount Dhaulagiri – 8167m
  7. Mount Manaslu – 8163m
  8. Mount Annapurna I – 8091m

We have a National Parks, Wildlife Reserve and Conservation Areas for the overall promotiona and preservation of Nepal diversity.